Ellen Cieraad's Research

Quantative plant ecology & physiology


Please also see my Google Scholar or Research Gate  profiles  orcid_128x128


26.  Eshete G, Sillero-Zubiri C, Cieraad E, Musters CJM, De Snoo GR, De Iongh HH, Marino J. 2018. Does livestock predation reflect in negative local perceptions of
Ethiopian wolves in South Wollo? Tropical Ecology 59(1): 11–19.

25. McGlone M, Heenan P, Millar T, Cieraad E. 2018 Vascular plant diversity and traits of the New Zealand montane-alpine zone and their origin. Peer-reviewed Chapter in “Mountains, climate and biodiversity”. Editors: Hoorn C & Antonelli A. Wiley Publishing

24. Mayor JR, Sanders NJ, Classen AT, Bardgett RD, Clement JC, Fajardo A, Lavorel S, Sundqvist MK, Bahn M, Chisholm C, Cieraad E, Gedalof Z, Grigulis K, Kudo G, Oberski D, Wardle DA 2017Elevation associated treeline temperatures influence ecosystem properties globally. Nature 542: 91–95. doi: 10.1038/nature21027

23. Moinet G, Cieraad E, Hunt J, Turnbull M, Whitehead D 2017. Effects of irrigation and addition of nitrogen fertiliser on net ecosystem carbon balance for a grassland. Science of the Total Environment 579: 1715–1725. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.11.199

22. Moinet G, Cieraad E, Hunt J, Turnbull M, Whitehead D 2016. Phytomass index improves estimates of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange in intensively grazed grassland. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 233: 298-307. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2016.09.027

21. Moinet G, Cieraad E, Fraser A, Turnbull M, Whitehead D 2016Soil heterotrophic respiration is insensitive to changes in soil water content but related to microbial access to organic matter. Geoderma 274: 68-78.  doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.03.027

20. Liu R, Cieraad E, Li Y, Ma J 2016. Precipitation pattern determines the inter-annual variation of herbaceous layer and carbon fluxes in a shrub-dominated desert ecosystem. Ecosystems 19: 601-614. doi: 10.1007/s10021-015-9954-x

19. Moinet G, Cieraad E, Rogers GND, Hunt J, Millard P, Turnbull M, Whitehead D 2016. Addition of nitrogen fertiliser increases net ecosystem carbon dioxide uptake and causes the loss of soil organic carbon in grassland growing in mesocosms. Geoderma 266: 75-83. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2015.12.004

18. White RL, Sutton AE, Salguero-Gómez R, Bray T, Campbell H, Cieraad E, Geekiyanage N, Gherardi L, Hughes AC, Jørgensen PS, Poisot T, DeSoto L, Zimmerman N 2015. The next generation of action ecology: Novel approaches towards global ecological research. Ecosphere 6:art134. doi: 10.1890/ES14-00485.1

17. Latham ADM, Latham MC, Cieraad E, Tompkins DM, Warburton B 2015. Climate change turns up the heat on vertebrate pest control. Biological Invasions 17(10): 2821-2829. doi: 10.1007/s10530-015-0931-2

16. Jørgensen PS, Barraquand F, Bonhomme V, Curran TJ, Cieraad E, Ezard TG, Gheradi LA, Hayes RA, Poisot T, Salguero-Gómez R, DeSoto L, Swartz B, Talbot JM, Wee B, Zimmerman N 2015. Connecting people and ideas from around the world: Global innovation platforms for next-generation ecology and beyond. Ecosphere 6:art68. doi:10.1890/ES14-00198.1 

15. Cieraad E, Walker S, Price R, Barringer J 2015. An updated assessment of indigenous cover remaining and legal protection in New Zealand’s land environments. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 39(2): 309-315.

14. Homes AM, Cieraad E, Lee DE, Lindqvist JK, Raine JI, Kennedy EM, Conran JG 2015. A diverse fern flora including macrofossils with in situ spores from the Late Eocene of southern New Zealand. Review of Paleobotany and Palynology 220: 16-28. doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2015.04.007

13. Cieraad E, Burrows L, Monks A, Walker S 2015. Woody native and exotic species respond differently to New Zealand dryland soil nutrient and moisture gradients. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 39(2): 198-207.

12. Burrows L, Cieraad E, Head N 2015Scotch broom facilitates indigenous tree and shrub germination and establishment in dryland New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 39(1): 61-70.

11. Zakharova A, Beare MH, Cieraad E, Curtin D, Turnbull MH, Millard P 2015. Factors controlling labile soil organic matter vulnerability to loss following disturbance as assessed by measurement of soil-respired δ13CO2. European Journal of Soil Science. doi: 10.1111/ejss.12209

10. Cieraad E, McGlone MS, Huntley B 2014. Southern hemisphere temperate treelines are not climatically depressed. Journal of Biogeography 41(8): 1456-1466.

9.   Cieraad E, McGlone MS 2014. Thermal environment of New Zealand’s gradual and abrupt treeline ecotones. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 38(1):12-25.

8.   Barthel M, Cieraad E, Zakharova A, Hunt JE 2014. Sudden cold temperature delays plant carbon transport and shifts allocation from growth to respiratory demand. Biogeosciences 11(5): 1425–1433. doi:10.5194/bg-11-1425-2014

7.   Curran TJ, Cieraad E, Monks J 2013. Fostering the next generation of reviewers in New Zealand ecology. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 37(2): 161.

6.   Liu R, Cieraad E, Li Y 2013. Summer rain pulses may stimulate a CO2 release rather than absorption in desert halophyte communities. Plant and Soil 373(1-2): 799-811. doi:10.1007/s11104-013-1839-1

5.   Cieraad E, Barbour MM, McGlone MS, Huntley B 2012. Seasonal frost tolerance of trees in the New Zealand treeline ecotone. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 44(3): 332-342. doi: 10.1657/1938-4246-44.3.332

4.   Liu R, Pan L-P, Jenerette GD, Wang Q-X, Cieraad E, Li Y 2012. High efficiency in water use and carbon gain in a wet year for a desert halophyte community. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 162–163: 127-135. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.04.015

3.   Monks A, Cieraad E, Burrows LE, Walker S 2012. Higher relative performance at low soil nitrogen and moisture predicts field distribution of nitrogen-fixing plants. Plant and Soil 359: 363-374. doi: 10.1007/s11104-012-1170-2

2.   Walker S, Cieraad E, Price R, Overton J, Monks A, Smale M, King N, Williams S, Burrows LE 2009. Secondary woody vegetation patterns in New Zealand’s South Island dryland zone. New Zealand Journal of Botany 47: 367-393.

1.   Cieraad E, Lee DE 2006. The New Zealand fossil record of ferns for the past 85 million years. New Zealand Journal of Botany 44: 143-170.


Liu R, Ma J, Cieraad E, Wang Y, Li Y. Variation of water use efficiency across seasons and years: different role of herbaceous plants in a desert ecosystem [Submitted] Science of the Total Environment

Pan Y, Cieraad E, v Bodegom P. Are ecophysiological adaptation traits decoupled from leaf economics traits in wetlands? [Submitted] Functional Ecology


2. Walker S, Cieraad E, Monks A, Burrows LE, Wood J, Price R, Rogers GM, Lee WG 2009. Long-term dynamics and rehabilitation of woody ecosystems in dryland South Island, New Zealand. In: Hobbs RJ, Suding KN ed. New Models for Ecosystem Dynamics and Restoration. Washington, USA, Island Press. Pp. 99-111. (Peer-reviewed)

1. Lee DE, Lindqvist JK, Cieraad E, Bannister JM, Raine JI, Kennedy EM, Conran JG 2009. Late Eocene climate of southern New Zealand: insights from the in situ Pikopiko fossil forest. In: Strong SP, Crouch EM, Hollis C ed. Climatic and Biotic Events of the Paleogene, GNS Science Miscellaneous Series 16. GNS, Wellington, NZ. P. 112.


8. Bellingham PJ, Cieraad E, Gormley AM, Richardson SJ 2015. Department of Conservation biodiversity indicators: 2015 assessment. Landcare Research Contract Report LC2343 for the Department of Conservation.

7. Walker S, Cieraad E, Barringer J 2015. User guide for the Threatened Environment Classification. Landcare Research Contract Report LC2184.

6. Cieraad E, Easdale T, Richardson SJ 2015. Effects of deer on kamahi regeneration in Kaimanawa Forest Park 2008–2013. Landcare Research Contract Report LC2183 for the Department of Conservation.

6. Richardson SJ, Cieraad E, Wiser SK 2014. Vegetation heterogeneity within mapped ecosystem types across the Department of Conservation’s Biodiversity Management Units (BMUs). Landcare Research Contract Report for the Department of Conservation.

5. Cieraad E, Walker S, Barringer J, Price R 2014. Indigenous cover remaining and biodiversity protection in New Zealand’s land environments: a status update using LCDB3.3 and recent information on protected areas. Landcare Research Contract Report LC1741 for the Department of Conservation.

4. Wiser SK, Easdale T, Cieraad E 2013. Review of the tawa timber resource. Landcare Research Contract Report LC1675 for the Tūhoe Tuawhenua Trust.

3. Belliss SE, Shepherd JD, Cieraad E, Bunting P 2013. Direct detection of gorse and broom transition from non-forest to forest: the contributions of remote sensing. Landcare Research Contract Report LC1486 for Ministry of Primary Industries.

2. Cieraad E 2012. More Crop per Drop: Developing methods for rapid assessment of water use efficiency of barley – Final Report. Landcare Research Contract Report LC1108 for the Foundation for Arable Research.

1. Cieraad E 2008. How much indigenous biodiversity remains on land under indigenous vegetation? Final report on a pilot study based on existing data. Landcare Research Contract Report LC0708/145 for the Cross-Departmental Research Pool.


4. Lee DE, Lindqvist J, Cieraad E, Bannister J, Raine J, Kennedy E, Conran J 2009. Late Eocene climate of southern New Zealand: insights from the in situ Pikopiko fossil forest. Climatic and Biotic Events of the Paleogene, GNS Science Miscellaneous Series 16: 112.

3. Walker S, Cieraad E, Grove P, Lloyd K, Myers S, Park T, Porteous T 2007. Guide for users of the Threatened Environment Classification. [Lincoln, Canterbury], Landcare Research New Zealand. 35 p.

2. Cieraad E 2005. The role of species interactions in a grassland-woodland transition – a literature review.

1. Lee DE, Lindqvist J, Douglas B, Bannister J, Cieraad E 2003. Paleobotany and sedimentology of Late Cretaceous-Miocene nonmarine sequences in Otago and Southland. Geological Society of New Zealand Miscellaneous Publication 116: 1-48.


2012   PhD Biological Sciences (Ecology) – Durham University (United Kingdom)
 Temperate oceanic treelines – low temperature effects on photosynthesis and growth                                                                                                                      
2006   M.Sc. Biological Sciences (Ecology)University of Amsterdam (the Netherlands)
M.Sc. thesis awarded with distinction & 2nd place at the University of Amsterdam thesis prize:
“Fossil ferns in New Zealand: History and ecological significance
Geology Department, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand


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